9 Different Types of Deer Around the World

Basit Ali Chaudhary

Deer are a fascinating animal, with many different species found around the world. From the majestic white-tailed deer to the shy roe deer, there is an incredible variety of these creatures living and thriving in different climates and environments. In this blog post, I’ll be exploring some of the different types of deer that can be found around the world.

Below is the list of 9 famous types of deer in the world:










1-White-Tailed Deer 

white-tailed deer

The white-tailed deer—also known as Odocoileus virginianus—is one of the most well-known species of deer. They are native to North and Central America but can now be found in parts of South America as well. They can be found in a variety of habitats across the continent, from forests and fields to wetlands and deserts.  

White-tailed deer are herbivores and typically browse on a variety of vegetation, including grasses, leaves, twigs, and nuts. They are also known to eat crops such as corn, wheat, and oats. In the summer, white-tailed deer are active mainly at night and will often seek shelter in thickets. During the winter, they become more active during the day in search of food. White-tailed deer have a reddish-brown coat with a white underside and a white tail that is usually held upright. The males, or bucks, grow antlers which are shed each winter and regrown the following spring. Female deer, or does, give birth to one to three fawns each spring. The male (or buck) white-tailed deer has antlers which are shed each year after mating season; females (doe) do not have antlers.

2-Mule Deer 

They are most commonly found in open grasslands and shrub-steppe habitats of the western United States and Canada. Mule deer have distinctive black-tipped ears and a white rump patch, which helps to distinguish them from other deer species. They are known for their large mule-like ears, which are almost as long as their heads. Mule deer are browsers, meaning they prefer to eat leaves, buds, and fruits from shrubs and trees. They are also commonly found grazing on grasses and forbs. Mule deer are active during the day and rest in small groups or alone at night.

The mule deer—more formally known as Odocoileus hemionus—is another type of North American deer. As its name suggests, it gets its name from its long ears that resemble those of a mule! Male mule deer have antlers, while female mule deer do not. Mule deer live throughout western Canada, much of the United States, northern Mexico and even parts of Guatemala! Mule deer are also herbivores like white-tailed deer and feed primarily on grasses and shrubs.                                                                                                                                        

3-Red deer

red deer

Red deer—scientifically known as Cervus elaphus—are native to Eurasia but can now be found on other continents including Australia, New Zealand and North America. They are found in a wide variety of habitats, including grasslands, woodlands, and forests. Unlike other species of deer, red bucks (male) grow their antlers every year for two months during mating season; does (female) may also grow short stubby “spikes” for protection against predators. Red Deer feed mainly on grasses but will also eat berries when available. 

They are large animals, with the males growing to a maximum of 2 meters tall and the females to a maximum of 1.2 meters. The males have large antlers that are shed annually in the winter. Red deer have reddish-brown fur and a white underbelly. Red deer are social animals, living in herds of up to 30 members. They are active during the day, and spend their nights in small family groups. Red deer are hunted for their meat, hides, and antlers.

4-Blacktail deer

blacktail deer

Blacktail deer are a type of deer found throughout North and South America. They get their name from the black tails that they have, which are used to communicate with other deer. Blacktail deer are relatively small, with males weighing around 150 pounds and females around 110 pounds. They are mostly brown or gray in color, with white spots on their backs and sides. Blacktail deer are herbivores, and their diet consists mainly of leaves, grasses, and fruits. In the summer, they also eat a lot of insects. Blacktail deer are good swimmers and can often be seen swimming across rivers. They are also good jumpers and can jump over fences that are up to eight feet high. Blacktail deer are shy animals and are often seen alone or in small groups. However, during the mating season, they can be found in large herds.

5-The Coues deer

The Coues deer (pronounced “kooz”), also called the whitetail of the west, is a subspecies of the white-tailed deer that is native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. They are also called the “gray ghost” or “Mexican whitetail”. The scientific name for the Coues deer is Odocoileus virginianus couesi. The Coues deer is smaller than other subspecies of white-tailed deer, with adults weighing between 60 and 150 pounds. The coat of the Coues deer is generally gray or reddish-brown in color, with a white underside and tail. The males also have large antlers that they use to impress females and intimidate rivals during breeding season. The Coues deer is an important species in the southwestern United States, where it plays a key role in the ecosystem. The Coues deer is a favorite prey species of predators such as mountain lions, coyotes, and bobcats. In addition, the Coues deer plays an important role in dispersing seeds from plants that it eats. As a result, the Coues deer is an essential part of the southwestern ecosystem.

These deer are typically found in semi-arid deserts and woodlands, and are adapted to the harsh environment. They have a shorter, more compact body than other deer species, and males have antlers that are typically smaller and less branched than other deer. These deer are known for their speed and agility, as well as their ability to survive in harsh environments.

6-Chital deer

chital deer

Chital deer are a beautiful and unique species of deer native to India. They are easily recognizable by their striking coloration, which includes a white spotted coat and black stripes running down their back. Chital deer are relatively small, weighing between 30 and 40 kilograms. Chital deer are social animals, and they live in herds of up to 20 members. These herds are typically led by a single female, known as the doe. Male chital deer are generally solitary creatures, only joining the herd during the breeding season. Chital deer are an important species in their ecosystem, as they help to disperse seeds and control the growth of vegetation. Chital deer are also hunted for their meat and antlers, which has led to a decline in their population. 

They inhabit the tropical and subtropical woodlands of the Indian subcontinent, although they can also be found in parts of Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Chital are medium-sized deer. Their coats are reddish-brown in the summer, turning to a grayish-brown in the winter. Chital also have distinctive white patches around their eyes, which give them their characteristic facial appearance. Chital are diurnal animals, meaning they are most active during the day. They are also social animals and can often be seen in large herds. Chital are herbivores, feeding mainly on grasses, leaves, fruits, and bark. They are also known to eat crops, especially in areas where they have become accustomed to human presence.



The elk, is one of the largest members of the deer family. Native to North America and eastern Asia, elk are characterized by their long necks, large bodies, and distinctive antlers. Male elk are particularly impressive, with antlers that can span up to six feet from tip to tip. Elk are social animals, living in herds of up to several hundred members. They are mostly herbivorous, but will also eat small amounts of meat if it is available. Elk are hunted for their meat and antlers, which are used for a variety of purposes, including making tools and jewelry. In recent years, the elk population has declined due to habitat loss and hunting pressure.

Elk deer are the second largest member of the deer family, behind the moose. They can reach up to 700 pounds in weight and stand up to six feet tall. Elk deer are known for their impressive antlers, which they shed and regrow each year. They are herbivores, and their diet consists mainly of grasses, sedges, and other vegetation.


Reindeer are a species of deer native to the Arctic and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. They are well-known for their association with Santa Claus, who is said to use them to pull his sleigh. Reindeer are primarily herbivorous, grazing on a variety of plants, and they can survive in a variety of habitats, including tundra and boreal forests. They live in large, family-based herds, with females and young forming the majority of the herd. Reindeer are social, curious animals with excellent vision, hearing, and smell.

Reindeer are native to the Arctic and subarctic regions of Eurasia and North America, and there are an estimated 3.7 million wild reindeer living today. These animals are perfectly adapted to their cold environment, with thick fur coats and wide hooves that help them move across snow and ice. Reindeer are also able to change the color of their fur in order to better blend in with their surroundings. In addition to their physical adaptations, reindeer have also developed a strong social structure. They live in herds led by a dominant male, and they use various vocalizations and body language to communicate with each other. The bond between mothers and calves is particularly strong, and calves will often stay with their mothers for up to two years. Reindeer are an amazing species, and they continue to capture the imagination of people all over the world.

9-Roe deer

Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) are a small species of deer native to Europe, Asia Minor, and Western Asia. They are most commonly found in open forests, meadows, and fields. Roe deer are typically brownish-grey in color with a lighter underside, and a white spotted rump. Males have short, thick, branching antlers which they shed annually. They are smaller than other species of deer, with a shoulder height of up to 60 cm and a body length of up to 130 cm. Roe deer are primarily browsers, feeding on leaves, shoots, and grasses, although they will also eat fruits and nuts when available. They are primarily active at night, although they may also be seen during the day. Roe deer are strong swimmers as well.

Last Words

Despite their differences in size, coloration and habitat preference, all species share several common traits: they are herbivores with three or four hooves per foot; they have antlers that males use for protection or to attract mates; they have large eyes with excellent night vision; and they have thick fur that helps keep them warm in cold climates. No matter where you go in the world, you’re likely to see at least one type of wild deer! Understanding their unique characteristics can help us better appreciate these noble animals and their importance in nature’s delicate balance.

Leave a Comment